Acne is a condition of the skin that causes inflamed growths (pustules, papules, and cysts), blackheads and whiteheads to form. Such growths are commonly referred to as zits or pimples. When the pores or the tiny holes on the skin’s surface become clogged, this produces the occurrence of acne. Each pore is an opening to a follicle that contains an oil gland and a hair. These oil glands aids in lubricating the skin while helping in the removal of old skin cells.
The pores can become blocked due to the production of too much oil by the glands. Dirt, bacteria, debris and inflammatory cells can arise, making the so-called comedone or plug blockage occur. Although acne can happen to anyone at any age, it mostly occurs among teenagers. Studies have shown that three out of four teenagers have some form of this skin condition. Acne can be triggered by:
- Certain drugs such as phenytoin, estrogen, testosterone and steroids.
- Hormonal changes that is related to adolescence, menstrual periods, stress, birth control pills and pregnancy.
- Excessive sweating and high levels of humidity.
- Oil or greasy hair and cosmetic products.
Despite the prevalent belief that nuts and chocolates cause acne, studies do not generally confirm this idea.
Vitamin A Acne
Vitamin A is one of the essential fat-soluble vitamins that can only be absorbed by the body in the presence of fat. It helps in the production of hormone, growth of teeth, skin and bones, and improves the function of the immune system. Vitamin A is also beneficial for night blindness, night vision, and maintains the integrity of urinary, respiratory and digestive tracts. It can also provide support against common flus and colds and has been proven to reduce fine lines in the skin.
Acne can be treated in two ways by the use of Vitamin A
- Prescription Topical Medicines. There are several methods of treating acne under this category that include giving of antibiotics that helps slows or stop the growth of bacteria while reducing the inflammation; and giving of retinoids or vitamin A derivatives that decreases the formation of pimples.
- Prescription Oral Medicines. This is normally given to patients with moderate to severe cases of acne. Oral antibiotics are given to control acne by reducing inflammation and curbing the growth of bacteria. There are also prescribed vitamin A for acne oral medicines that are used to treat acne but can produce side effects such as lightheadedness, dizziness and upset stomach when taken in large doses.